How to export agriculture produces to other countries
India has very good institutional coverage for exporting agricultural commodities.
· APEDA – Agricultural and Processed Food Products Export Development Authority (Click here)
· MPEDA – Marine Products Export Development Authority (Click here)
· Commodity Boards – Coffee board, Rubber board, Spices board...etc.
Farmers who have low budget availability, these institutions provide food processing funds and other financial assistants also. (Click here)
We can identify 2 major agriculture commodities for export as plant-based products and animal-based products.
1. Plant-based products – Fresh fruits and vegetables
Processed fruits and vegetables
Fruit and vegetable seeds
2. Animal-based products - meat and dairy products
Processed meat and dairy products
Fresh eggs and processed eggs
Silk, casein, honey, wool...etc.
Recognition schemes for exporters
These schemes will help you to standardize your export business.
· Recognition certificate for horticulture produce packhouse - This provides you the information about international quality standards. Click Here to get the revised procedure.
· HACCP recognition – Although it cost Rs. 29500/= (including tax), this certificate gives you a higher standard in the export market. Click Here to get more information.
· Lab recognition – It will cost Rs. 118,000/= (including tax). This helps you to cater to your needs for sampling, analysis, and residue monitoring plans. Click Here to download the lab criteria.
How to pack your products for export
There are two major things that you should keep in mind when it comes to packaging.
1. Packing should not unnecessarily increase the package weight which may negatively affect on shipping rate.
2. Packing should be much more durable. Since shipping lots of loading, unloading happens. Also may subject to adverse weather conditions. So the packing should have the ability to tolerate all those impairments.
Under packaging, it is important to mark all the landing bills, insurance certificates, invoices, and other documents.
Regulations of importing countries
Before export your products, you need to have a thorough idea of the import regulations of your buyer’s country. Each and every country has import regulations. You can’t violate those restrictions and violations. So you have to follow those regulations for a better barter. Visit the following website to see the regulations of few importing countries.
· Australia - http://www.daffa.gov.au/aqis/import
· China - http://www.aqsiq.gov.cn/
· Malaysia - http://www.agrolink.moa.my/
· New Zealand - http://www.nzfsa.govt.nz/labelling-composition/
· Thailand - http://www.doa.go.th/en/
Harmonized System Code is a multipurpose international product nomenclature created by the World Customs Organization (WCO). This code describes the type of good that you are going to ship. Every exporter should know the HS code of your product. Because when your products enter or cross any of the international borders you have to use these HS codes. Check what the HS code of your product is. (Click here for more details)
The export procedure of Agriculture produces
Different agriculture products have different procedures for exporting. But there is one common exporting procedure for all products in India. Let’s first go through it.
1. Establish an organization – Here you have to start a company or join with a partnership firm.
2. Open a bank account – You should have a foreign exchangeable bank account.
3. Obtain a Permanent Account Number (PAN) – Every exporter should get a PAN number from Income Tax Department.
4. Obtain an Importer-Exporter Card number – It is a must to obtain an IEC number under the Foreign Trade Policy.
5. Registration Cum Membership Certificate (RCMC) – This is granted by the Export promotion councils, commodity boards, and authorities.
6. Product selection – Most of the items can be freely exportable except for a few items. Prohibited items can't be exported. Restricted items only can be exported with a license. Canalized items only can be exported through a canalizing agency.
7. Market selection – Have to choose the importing country and analyze the market demand.
8. Sampling – You should be able to provide customized samples as per buyers' demand.
9. Pricing/costing – It will decide your buyer's attention.
10. Negotiation with buyers
11. Cover risks – payment risks can be covered by policies from Export Credit Guarantee Corporation Ltd.
Visit https://www.indiantradeportal.in/index.jsp?lang=0 for more details.
Apart from this for different agricultural produces and processed foods, there are different procedures and advisories on exporting in India. (Click here)
Agricultural and processed food products export development authority gives you all the information including packing standards, regulations of the importing country, contact details exporters...etc. If you are willing to start e new exporting company or going to export your agri products this is the best place to find all the information that you want. Visit (Click here for more details)
Documents and Certifications needed for exporting
It is important to know about what documents and certifications should be completed.
1. Documents related to goods - Invoice (Click here)
Certification of origin (Click here)
2. Documents related to shipment - Mate receipt (Click here)
3. Documents related to payment - Letter of credit (Click here)
Bill of exchange (Click here)
4. Documents related to the quality of goods - Phytosanitary certificate (Click here)
Global GAP certification (Click here)
Health certificate (Click here)
5. Organic certification(if the produces are organic) (Click here)
6. Certificates related to foreign exchange regulations - GR form (Click here)
GREAT!!! After completing all the things you are ready to export your agri produce.