How Protected Agriculture Will Make Lucrative Lifestyle for Farmers
Simply, Protected Agriculture is defined as the modification of the natural environment to achieve optimal growth. It uses various techniques to improve crop growth and obtain high-quality final produce by controlling the surrounding environment. Protected Agriculture is one of the best solutions for the seasonality problem. In the North Indian region, we can observe this seasonality. So the open field cultivations are difficult to perform during the summer and winter periods of North India. Also, Protected Agriculture is highly popular among farmers in Maharashtra, Uttarakhand, Karnataka, and Jammu and Kashmir. In India, mostly cultivating crops in protected houses are cabbage, capsicum, cauliflower, knoll-kohl, broccoli, onion, tomato, brinjal, chili, and Brussels sprout like high-value crops.
There are several reasons for why farmers who are practicing protected cultivation have a lucrative life than other farmers.
1. Off-season production
Under Protected Agriculture, we control almost all the environmental factors that affect plant growth. So the seasonality is not a barrier for crop production during off-seasons when cultivating inside a protected house. While open-field farmers cultivate only during scheduled on-season, farmers who practice Protected Agriculture can cultivate throughout the year. So they are able to market their products throughout the year and earn profits during off-seasons also.
2. Higher profits from high quality produce
Since we control all environmental factors, crops grown in protected houses are not subjected to harsh weather conditions and pest and disease attacks. Also, we try to provide optimum conditions (Temperature, Relative Humidity, Soil moisture, Soil pH, etc.) that required for better plant growth. Due to all these reasons, the final harvesting products become high-quality ones in both internally and externally that can be market at a higher price than products from conventional agriculture.
3. Low cost for pest and disease control
In Protected Agriculture, we cultivate crops inside protected structures which minimize the entering of pest and diseases as much as possible. But in conventional farming, crops are affected by various pest and disease attacks. These will lead to yield and the quality loss when pest population and disease distribution become non-controllable. So farmers have to maintain the pest population below Economic Injury Level (EIL) by using pest and disease control methods. For that, it takes a high cost. But in Protected Agriculture, we don’t need such control methods and it saves a large amount of money for the farmer.
4. Export possibility
Due to the high quality and the healthiness of products, products from protected cultivation can be sold at high-value markets (supermarkets) in both locally and internationally. So by exporting Agri produce from protected cultivations these farmers get much more profits than conventional farmers.
With the vision of high quality and healthier food for the future, Protected Agriculture has become a good trend in Indian Agriculture. So there is a high potential for engaged in Protected Agriculture and earn higher profits. Then your lives will become more lucrative and more stable.